Elizabeth Fort is situated on the south side of the city and is said to be one of the finest examples of a 17th century star-shaped fort. The fort itself has gone through a number of phases & rebuilds. Originally built in 1601 during the reign of Elizabeth I, it was replaced in 1624 by a stronger fort which had the same basic outline as that which survives today.
It is reputed that improvements were also made by Cromwell 1649 when he took control of the city. It was used again in 1690 by Williamite forces to shell the city and a cannonball fired from the Fort at the old tower of St. Fin barre's was found during the 19th century rebuilding of the Cathedral.
Elizabeth Fort Archery
In 1719, Elizabeth Fort became a British military barracks and housed approximately seven hundred men. In 1806, a New Barrack's' was built on the north side of the city (now called Collin's Barracks), and Elizabeth fort was converted to a Female Convict Prison. It subsequently became home to various bodies such as a station for the Cork City Artillery Militia.
During the Irish War of Independence (1920-21), it was occupied by the Royal Irish Constabulary and duly handed over to the Provisional Irish government at the end of the war. It is now a Garda Station (Irish police force) and to this day remains one of Cork's most historic gems. Never been excavated, Elizabeth Fort has a wealth of stories waiting to be discovered and to be told.